A lot of the every day work of the court system is done at the municipal and justice court level. Municipal courts are courts established by an incorporated city or town. A.R.S. § 22-401. Every incorporated city or town in Arizona must have a municipal court, although a city or town may enter into an inter-governmental agreement for court services with a nearby city within the same county or with the justice court which has the city within its jurisdiction. A.R.S. § 22-402. The judges and hearing officers in a city or town court are either employees of the city or town or are hired on a contract basis. Justice courts are county courts presided over by elected justices of the peace who hold four (4) year terms of office. A.R.S. § 22-102.
Municipal courts handle:
You can access detailed case information for some Municipal Courts within Maricopa County at the Arizona Supreme Court's Public Access to Court Case Information. Click on the “Courts Included” link to view coverage.
Justice of the Peace courts handle:
You can access the Maricopa County Justice Court Information website for various items including court calendars, descriptions of procedure, fee schedules, contact information for the various courts, biographies of judges, newsletters and news releases.
Different rules apply depending upon the kind of case a court is handling. For example, a criminal misdemeanor trial will use the Arizona Rules of Criminal Procedure, while a civil traffic violation hearing is governed by the Rules of Procedure in Civil Traffic Violation Cases. Other rules, such as the Rules of Evidence, will apply during certain court hearings.
Access to all these rules is available at http://www.supreme.state.az.us/rules/. Click on the “Current Rules” link and then “More Arizona Rules” if you do not see the rules you need. When you select the rules that you want to read or print, you will be prompted to fill out an online survey form before the text of the rules will display on your screen.
By Rose Gavin; updated 11/07
JOHN J. ROSS - WILLIAM C. BLAKLEY LAW LIBRARY
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